a plant variety that has been produced in cultivation by either selective breeding or naturally occurring mutation; cultivars can arise from crossing genetically similar species, the same species, distinct similar species cultivars, distinct same species cultivars, a combination of the aforementioned methods, or mutations caused by natural selective processes; cultivars can be sterile or fertile […]


shedding its leaves annually during the autumn


referring to dioecy; a characteristic of certain species that have distinct unisexual individuals, each producing either male or female cones or flowers; dioecious reproduction is biparental reproduction and viable seeds can only be produced with male and female present


retaining its leaves throughout the year

full shade

less than four hours of unfiltered sunlight per day

full sun

six or more hours of unfiltered sunlight per day

hardiness zone

a geographic area defined to encompass a certain range of climatic conditions relevant to plant growth and survival Need help finding out your Hardiness Zone?


a plant that is both non-native to the US and able to establish on many sites, grow quickly, and spread to the point of disrupting plant communities or ecosystems


mast is considered the edible vegetative or reproductive parts produced by woody species of plants, i.e. trees and shrubs, that wildlife and some domestic animals consume as a food source


referring to monoecy; a sexual system in seed plants where separate male and female cones or flowers are present on the same plant; monoecious plants are capable of producing viable fruit on their own